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An assessment of machine and statistical learning approaches to inferring networks of protein-protein interactions
Browne, Fiona ; Wang, Haiying ; Zheng, Huiru ; Azuaje, Francisco
Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics - JIB (ISSN 1613-4516)
Protein-protein interactions (PPI) play a key role in many biological systems. Over the past few years, an explosion in availability of functional biological data obtained from high-throughput technologies to infer PPI has been observed. However, results obtained from such experiments show high rates of false positives and false negatives predictions as well as systematic predictive bias. Recent research has revealed that several machine and statistical learning methods applied to integrate relatively weak, diverse sources of large-scale functional data may provide improved predictive accuracy and coverage of PPI. In this paper we describe the effects of applying different computational, integrative methods to predict PPI in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We investigated the predictive ability of combining different sets of relatively strong and weak predictive datasets. We analysed several genomic datasets ranging from mRNA co-expression to marginal essentiality. Moreover, we expanded an existing multi-source dataset from S. cerevisiae by constructing a new set of putative interactions extracted from Gene Ontology (GO)-driven annotations in the Saccharomyces Genome Database. Different classification techniques: Simple Naive Bayesian (SNB), Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) and K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN) were evaluated. Relatively simple classification methods (i.e. less computing intensive and mathematically complex), such as SNB, have been proven to be proficient at predicting PPI. SNB produced the highest predictive quality obtaining an area under Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) value of 0.99. The lowest AUC value of 0.90 was obtained by the KNN classifier. This assessment also demonstrates the strong predictive power of GO-driven models, which offered predictive performance above 0.90 using the different machine learning and statistical techniques. As the predictive power of single-source datasets became weaker MLP and SNB performed better than KNN. Moreover, predictive performance saturation may be reached independently of the classification models applied, which may be explained by predictive bias and incompleteness of existing Gold Standards. More comprehensive and accurate PPI maps will be produced for S. cerevisiae and beyond with the emergence of large-scale datasets of better predictive quality and the integration of intelligent classification methods.
||Faculty of Technology, Research Groups in Informatics
||Data processing, computer science, computer systems
Also published by Shaker:
Ralf Hofestädt, Thoralf Töpel (eds.). Integrative Bioinformatics -
Yearbook 2006. Shaker, 2007.