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Predicting breast cancer chemotherapeutic response using a novel tool for microarray data analysis

Cheng, Jie ; Greshock, Joel ; Painter, Jeffery ; Lin, Xiwu ; Lee, Kwan ; Zheng, Shu ; Menius, Alan

Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics - JIB (ISSN 1613-4516)


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Abstract:
We developed a novel tool for microarray data analysis that can parsimoniously discover highly predictive genes by finding the optimal trade off between fold change and t-test p value through rigorous cross validation. In addition to find a small set of highly predictive genes, the tool also has a procedure that recursively discovers and removes predictive genes from the dataset until no such genes can be found. We applied our tool to a public breast cancer dataset with the goal to discover genes that can predict patient’s response to a preoperative chemotherapy. The results show that estrogen receptor (ER) gene is the most important gene to predict chemotherapeutic response and no gene signatures can add much clinical benefit for the whole patient population. We further identified a clinically homogenous subgroup of patients (ER-negative, PR-negative and HER2-negative) whose response to the chemotherapy can be reasonably predicted. Many of the discovered predictive markers for this subgroup of patients were successfully validated using a blinded validation set.


Institution: Faculty of Technology, Research Groups in Informatics
DDC classification: Data processing, computer science, computer systems

Suggested Citation:
Cheng, Jie ; Greshock, Joel ; Painter, Jeffery ; Lin, Xiwu ; Lee, Kwan ; Zheng, Shu ; Menius, Alan  (2012)  Predicting breast cancer chemotherapeutic response using a novel tool for microarray data analysis. Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics - JIB (ISSN 1613-4516), 9(2): Special Issue: 7th International Symposium on Integrative Bioinformatics, Hangzhou, China, 2012

Online-Journal: http://journal.imbio.de/article.php?aid=209
URL: http://biecoll.ub.uni-bielefeld.de/volltexte/2012/5226



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