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A Two-Step Clustering for 3-D Gene Expression Data Reveals the Main Features of the Arabidopsis Stress Response
Strauch, Martin ; Supper, Jochen ; Spieth, Christian ; Wanke, Dierk ; Kilian, Joachim ; Harter, Klaus ; Zell, Andreas
Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics - JIB (ISSN 1613-4516)
We developed an integrative approach for discovering gene modules, i.e. genes that are tightly correlated under several experimental conditions and applied it to a threedimensional Arabidopsis thaliana microarray dataset. The dataset consists of approximately 23000 genes responding to 9 abiotic stress conditions at 6-9 different points in time. Our approach aims at finding relatively small and dense modules lending themselves to a specific biological interpretation. In order to detect gene modules within this dataset, we employ a two-step clustering process. In the first step, a k-means clustering on one condition is performed, which is subsequently used in the second step as a seed for the clustering of the remaining conditions. To validate the significance of the obtained modules, we performed a permutation analysis and determined a null hypothesis to compare the module scores against, providing a p-value for each module. Significant modules were mapped to the Gene Ontology (GO) in order to determine the participating biological processes. As a result, we isolated modules showing high significance with respect to the p-values obtained by permutation analysis and GO mapping. In these modules we identified a number of genes that are either part of a general stress response with similar characteristics under different conditions (coherent modules), or part of a more specific stress response to a single stress condition (single response modules). We also found genes clustering within several conditions, which are, however, not part of a coherent module. These genes have a distinct temporal response under each condition. We call the modules they are contained in individual response modules (IR).
||Faculty of Technology, Research Groups in Informatics
||Data processing, computer science, computer systems
Strauch, Martin ; Supper, Jochen ; Spieth, Christian ; Wanke, Dierk ; Kilian, Joachim ; Harter, Klaus ; Zell, Andreas (2007
) A Two-Step Clustering for 3-D Gene Expression Data Reveals the Main Features of the Arabidopsis Stress Response.
Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics - JIB (ISSN 1613-4516), 4(1), 2007. Special Issue: Data Warehouse Technologies in Bioinformatics, Wittenberg, Germany, 2006